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Integrated technological system for producing the 3D ecological textile sealing cord for industrial applications (ECOTEXIZ)

 


Contract number: 56/2005

Program: CEEX Contracting authority AMCSIT

Project period: 03.10.2005 01.09.2008

Partners:
- Coordinator: Research and Development National Institute for Textile and Leather (INCDTP), www.certex.ro, Bucharest, Lucretiu Patrascanu, 16, sector 3, phone: 021- 3404200, fax: 021-3405515, e-mail: certex@ns.certex.ro, General Director: Dr. ing. Emilia Visileanu, Project Director: ing. Daniela Bucur (Isar)
- University "Politehnica" Bucharest – R&D Center for Mechatronics (UPB CCDM) www.pub.ro, Bucureşti, Splaiul Independentei nr. 313, sector 6, zip code 060042, phone: 021 - 4029461, fax: 021- 4115364, Rector Prof. dr. ing. Ecaterina Andronescu, Director Prof. Dr. ing. Nicolae Alexandrescu, Project responsible: Prof. dr. ing. Horia Panaitopol
- University “Politehnica” Bucharest - National Center for Research of Technology System Performance – Optimum (CNCPST), www.pub.ro, Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei, 313, sector 6, zip code 060042, phone: 021- 4029461, fax: 021- 41153 65, Rector Prof. dr. ing. Ecaterina Andronescu, Director: Prof. Dr. ing. Constantin Ispas, Project responsible: Conf. dr. ing. Dan Prodan
- Tehnical University “Gheorghe Asachi” Iasi – Research and Technology Transfer Center -Polytech (UT Iasi Polytech), www.tex.tuiasi.ro, Iasi, str. Mangeron, 59, zip code 700050, phone 0232- 278683/1137, fax: 0232- 230491, Rector Prof. Dr. Ing. Ion Giurma, Project responsible: Prof. dr. ing. Ioan Cioara
- Center for Organic Chemistry Costin D. Nenitescu of the Romanian Academy (CCO), www.cco.ro, Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei , 202 B, zip code 060023, phone: 021 316 28 18, fax: 021 312 16 01, Director: Dr. Ing. Petru Ivan Filip Project responsible: Dr. ing. Dumitru Mircea Vuluga

Objective:
The projects objective is the technology elaboration for accomplishing the 3D cord and the design-execution-testing-experimenting-homologation of a prototype for an integrated technological system meant for producing of an ecological textile yarn with square cross section for sealing/insulation puposes, with 3D structure, obtained by braiding of textile materials.

Purpose:
The project ECOTEXIZ had as purpose the establishing of a partnership network, consisting in organization systems in the research, technology development and innovation field, from the textile mechanical technology field, textile chemistry technologies, organic chemistry technologies, accomplishment of textile mechanical systems, accomplishment of pneumatic- hydraulic systems, accomplishment of electronic and automation systems for performing of a technological production line for the 3D ecological textile sealing cord for industrial applications.

Work plan:

Stage I - Study for substantiating the accomplishment technology of the 3D textile cord.
Results:
• Study regarding the compatibility of the textile yarns for the accomplishment of the cord, selection of the optimal fibers
• Study of the needed surface treatments for textile yarns and cord treatment
• Study of braiding systems for textile yarns needed for the accomplishment of the 3D cord

Stage II - Study regarding the substantiating the accomplishment of the technological system for producing the 3D textile cord
Results:
• Study regarding the impregnating of textile yarns with anti-friction compounds
• Experimentation report for performing of fiber treatment compositions

Stage III - Designing of a functional model (FM) for the integrated technology system of the 3D textile cord
Results:
• FM project for integrated technological system meant for cord producing

Stage IV - Functional model execution for the technology system meant for the 3D textile cord producing
Results:
• FM technological system for cord producing

Stage V - Designing and execution initial prototype technological system for cord producing by FM transformation
Results:
• Project for initial prototype technological system for 3D textile cord producing
• Initial prototype technological system for producing braided textile cord with square cross-section
Technologic system characteristics:
The technologic system of producing the square cross-section braided textile cord is made up of the following technologic modules: textile yarn impregnating – heat setting module; textile yarn wnding module; machine for braiding the square cross-section textile cord; cord impregnating – heat setting module; cord formatting module; cord rolling module.
* The textile yarn impregnating module has the role of ensuring the adequate soaking of the textile yarns with substances that should improve the mechanical, thermal, antifriction and sealing properties of these. The main characteristics: the speed of the textile yarn moving in the impregnating tank: 0.8 m/min; impregnation solution: watery emulsion of vinyl polyacetate, urea-formaldehyde resins and conditioning additives; solution temperature: 20 – 80°C; tank capacity: about 0.030 m3; electric heating of tank: T= 20 – 80°C; thermostatic control with regulator: 0 – 100°C.
* The textile yarn heat setting module has the role of achieving the fixing of the impregnating substance into the textile yarn structure, ensuring the yarn drying, as well as the evaporating
of the impregnating substance over plus. The main characteristics: cord moving speed: 0.4 – 2m/min; hot air flow rate: 0.4 – 0.5 m3/min; temperature of the hot air supplied by the blower: 120°C; temperature of the hot air at the exit from the drying tunnel: 80°C;
* The textile yarn winding module is meant for winding the impregnated yarn before braiding. The main characteristics: the grooved drum rotation speed: 25-250 rot/min; the length
of yarn winding on the spool: 100 mm; maximum spool diameter: 30 mm;
* The braiding machine plays the part of transforming the impregnated yarns into an impregnated product with square cross section. The main characteristics: rotation speed of the segmented disks: 50 rot/min.; cord pulling speed: 50 – 250 rot/min; cord plying speed: 30 cm/min; square cord dimensions: 6 x 6 mm up to 12 x 12 mm; maximum number of braiding yarns: 16; for diversifying the technological possibilities, distinct electrical motors of actuating the braiding group P = 1 KW, the pulling system P= 0.25 KW and cord plying P=0.1 KW.
* The textile cord impregnating module has the role of ensuring the adequate soaking of the textile cord with substances that should improve the mechanical, thermal, antifriction and sealing properties of this. The textile cord-impregnating module is similar to the yarn impregnating one. The differences are to be seen in the yarn supply system, that is cord supply system, respectively, and in the yarn doctoring, that is cord doctoring, respectively. The characteristics of this module
are similar to those of the textile yarn impregnating one, the impregnating solution being a watery emulsion of polytetrafluoroethylene with a concentration of 20 + 50%.
* The textile cord heat setting module does the fixing of the impregnating substance into the cord structure, ensuring the drying of this, as well as the evaporating of the impregnating substance over plus. The main characteristics: the moving speed of the textile cord: 0.4-2 m/min; the hot air capacity supplied by the blower: 1 m3/min; the temperature of the hot air supplied by the blower: 250°C; the temperature of the hot air at exit: 80°C;
* The textile cord formatting module does the formatting of the cord coming from the braiding machine by an adjustable roller system. The main characteristics: the cord formatting
speed: 3-10 m/min.; the cord dimensions: 6 – 12 mm;
* The textile cord rolling module has the role of copping the yarn under coil form on a roll with imposed dimensions. The main characteristics: cord rolling speed: 3 – 10 m/min; cord
guide travel: 300 mm.
The technologic system allows the processing of the textile yarns made of natural and synthetic fibres, as well as of fibres having performant characteristics, high-tech ones, such as: para-aramidic, polytetrafluoroethylene, polyester yarns in the count range of Nm (Ttex) 0,5 - 20 (2000 - 50).

• Patent request: TEXTILE CORD BRAIDING MACHINE WITH SQUARE CROSS-SECTION, authors: Daniela Bucur (Isar), Emilia Visileanu, Dobre Niculae, Cristian Jipa, OSIM registration no. : a 2007-0018/28.11.2007.

Stage VI – Initial prototype technological system experimentation for producing the cord and the 3D ecological textile cord
Results:
• Report for initial prototype technological system experimentation for the cord producing
• Braided textile cord with square cross-section used for industrial elements sealing
The structure of the square cord presents the laying of the yarns on the circumference, the yarns having evolutions on the diagonal under spiral form. Half of the yarns form a right
spiral, and the other half a left spiral. One can introduce filling yarns that keep parallel to the product margins and have the role of improving the functionality properties of this.
Characteristics:
• square cross section 3D form, with the side of 6 -12 mm;
• 8 - 16 braiding yarns;
• compact structure made with or without filling yarns;
• yarn count of Nm 0,5 – 2;
• braid setting of 10 -30 braids/cm;
• raw material: ecologic yarns that are resistant to temperature, pressure and rubbing
The square cross section textile cord is used for sealing the various industrial elements like: pumps, armatures, blenders, mixers, filter systems, etc.
The application fields for these researches are the industrial sectors: chemistry, petrochemistry, metallurgy, food industry, machine building, dyestuff industry, paper industry, etc.

Stage VII – Demonstrating the functionality and the utility of the system, homologation of the initial prototype integrated technological system for producing the 3D cord
Results:
• Manual of the prototype
• Homologation documents for technological prototype system meant for cord producing

Dissemination of the projects results:

Published papers:
• Textile Technical Articles for Industrial Sectors, Daniela Isar, Emilia Visileanu, Cristian Jipa, Nicolae Dobre, International Fiber Conference 2006 - Extreme & Aesthetic Textiles, 30 mai- 3 iunie 2006, Seul, Korea, Section Textile/Apparel Marketing and Management, Proceedings, ISBN 89-953858-0-4, B6-2, p. 235
• Integrated technological system for producing the 3D ecological textile sealing cord for industrial applications, Daniela Isar, Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, Ioan Cioara, Constantin Taca, Excellence research. Favourable premise for developing the Romanian research environment, Brasov, 2006, vol. II, ISBN (10) 973 – 718 – 552 – 8; ISBN (13) 978 – 973 – 718 – 552 – 5, page. L3 – 18, 1-10
• Pneumatic instalation for the lifting and downlink of the moulding box in impregnation systems Anca Bucuresteanu, Daniela Isar, Hidraulica nr. 2-3/2006, Editura Institutului de Cercetari pentru Hidraulica si Pneumatica, ISSN 1453-7303, page 61-68
• Aspects regarding the products structure performed by braiding, Lucica Cioara, Ioan Cioara, Daniela Isar, Industria textila nr.1/2007, ISSN 1222-5347, ISI rated, Science Citation index Expanded (SciSearch), social Science Citation Index (SSCI), Indexare Journal Citation reports/Science Edition, World Textile Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts și VINITI, page 32-36
• Kinematics, structural and technological particularities of processes for braided products accomplishment - Ioan Cioara, Lucica Cioara, Daniela Isar, Industria textila nr.2/2007, ISSN 1222-5347, page 82-88
• The structural and technological design of the 3D textile braids, Ioan Cioara, Lucica Cioara, Daniela Isar, The XIII-th Romanian Textile and Leather Conference - CORTEP 2007, Buletinul I.P. Iasi, tomul LIII (LVII), fasc.5/2007, vol.1, page. 541-548
• Integrated Technologic System of Producing the 3D Ecologic Sealing Textile Cord, Daniela Isar, Emilia Visileanu, Niculae Dobre, Cristian Jipa, Ioan Cioara, Lucica Cioara, Dan Prodan, Anca Bucuresteanu, Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, Constantin Taca, Horia Panaitopol, CONFERENCE EXCELENCE RESEARCH – A WAY TO ERA, Brasov, 22 – 24.10.2007, e-book, Editura Tehnica, ISSN 1843 – 5904
• INCDTP – active partner of the national network for RDI – II part, 2007 E. Visileanu, C. Ghituleasa, E. Carpus, C. Mihai, I. Dumitrescu, D.Toma, D. Isar, A. Popescu, A. Dorogan, M.Dan, A. Ene, C. Niculescu, Industria Textila nr.5/2007, ISSN 1222-5347, pag. 163-177
• Textile technical articles composites meant for industrial applications, Daniela Isar, Emilia Visleanu, Dobre Nicolae, Cristian Jipa, Ioan Cioara, Dan Prodan, Anca Bucuresteanu, Fibre Reinforced Composites Conference 2007, 9-12.12.2007, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, e-book, Chapter 66, ISBN 0-620-37679-1, page. 673 – 744
• The modeling and simulating of the pneumatic installations, Anca Bucuresteanu, Daniela Isar, Scientific Bulletin U.P.B. ISSN 1454-2358 series D: Mechanical Engineering, Volume 70, Number 3/2008, pag. 45-55. Indexare INSPEC&GEOBASE, Registred in ULRICH’S INTERNATIONAL PERIODICALS DIRECTOR.
• Technologic system of accomplishing the square cross – section textile sealing cord, Daniela Isar, Emilia Visileanu, Niculae Dobre, Cristian Jipa, Ioan Cioara, Lucica Cioara, Dan Prodan, Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, Constantin Taca, EXCELLENCE RESEARCH – A WAY TO INNOVATION”, Brasov, Hotel ARO – PALACE, CD ISBN 978 -973 – 1716 – 33 – 6., 27 – 29.07.2008
• Polymer Architectures Based on Oxazoline Monomers, V.V. Jerca, A.F. Nicolescu, A.-M. Albu, D. M. Vuluga, Molec.Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 483, 2008, pp. 78–88, "Index ISI"
• Cellulose-Based Composites By „In Situ” Radical And Cationic Polymerization, N. D. Stanciu, D.M. Vuluga, A.M. Albu, T. Hamaide, M. Teodorescu, Molec.Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 484, 2008, pp. 86/[452]–98/[464], "Index ISI"
• Properties of polymer composites with cellulose microfibrils, Denis Mihaela Panaitescu, Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, Horia Paven, Michaela Doina Iorga, Marius Ghiurea, Ileana Matasaru, Petronela Nechita, Molec.Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 484, 2008, pp. 71/[437]–85/[451], "Index ISI"
• Synthesis and copolymerization study of new monomers with potential application in optical and photonic field, A.F. Nicolescu, V.V. Jerca, A.-M. Albu, D. M. Vuluga, Molec.Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 486, 2008, pp. 38/[1080]–49/[1091], "Index ISI"

Papers presented at scientifically events:
• Textile Technical Articles Meant for Industrial Sectors –Daniela Isar, Emilia Visileanu, Cristian Jipa, Nicolae Dobre, International Fiber Conference 2006 - Extreme & Aesthetic Textiles, Sectiunea Textile/Apparel Marketing and Management, Seul, Korea, 30.05 – 3.06.2006.
• Integrated technological system for producing the 3D ecological textile sealing cord for industrial applications, D. Isar, D.M. Vuluga, I. Cioara, C. Taca, AMCSIT Conference, Excellence research. Favourable premise for developing the Romanian research environment, Brasov, 22 – 24.10.2006.
• The structural and technological design of the 3D textile braids, Ioan Cioara, Lucica Cioara, Daniela Isar, The XIII-th Romanian Textile and Leather Conference - CORTEP 2007, Iasi, 18-21.10.2007
• Integrated Technologic System of Producing The 3D Ecologic Sealing Textile Cord, Daniela Isar, Emilia Visileanu, Niculae Dobre, Cristian Jipa, Ioan Cioara, Lucica Cioara, Dan Prodan, Anca Bucuresteanu, Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, Constantin Taca, Horia Panaitopol, CONFERENCE EXCELENCE RESEARCH – A WAY TO ERA, Brasov, 22 – 24.10.2007
• Integrated technological system for producing the 3D ecological sealing cord for industrial applications, Daniela Isar, Emilia Visileanu, Nicolae Dobre, Cristian Jipa, Ioan Cioara, Dan Prodan, Dumitru Vuluga, Horia Panaitopol, Excellence research prize, INCDTP, Research exhibition 2007, Bucharest, 2-6.10.2007
• Textile technical articles composites meant for industrial applications, Daniela Isar, Emilia Visleanu, Dobre Nicolae, Cristian Jipa, Ioan Cioara, Dan Prodan,Anca Bucuresteanu, Fibre Reinforced Composites Conference 2007, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, 9-12.12.2007
• The aligning of the textile research activity from Romania to the objectives of the European Research Area, Carmen Ghituleasa, Daniela Isar, New Technologies in Food and Textile Sectors, Ankara, Turkey, 22.02.2008
• Laboratory tools and apparata for the textile industry, Daniela Isar, Meeting the Romanian education in textile/clothing field, SIT AGIR, INCDTP, AGIR headquarters, 11.04.2008
• Integrated technologic system of accomplishing the textile braided cross-section cord for industrial applications, Daniela Isar, Emilia Visileanu, Niculae Dobre, Cristian Jipa, Ioan Cioara, Lucica Cioara, Dan Prodan, Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, Constantin Taca, „TECHNICAL TEXTILES – MULTIDISCIPLINARY DOMAIN”, INCDTP, Bucharest, RIN GRAND HOTEL, 22-23.05.2008
• Textile industry equipment, Daniela Isar, Emilia Visileanu, Niculae Dobre, Cristian Jipa, Ioan Cioara, Lucica Cioara, Dan Prodan, Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, Constantin Taca, Tendencies in the textile/leather research field, INCDTP, FEPAIUS, CIB, 18 – 20.06.2008, Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Bucharest, room George Assan
• Technologic system of accomplishing the square cross – section textile sealing cord, Daniela Isar, Emilia Visileanu, Niculae Dobre, Cristian Jipa, Ioan Cioara, Lucica Cioara, Dan Prodan, Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, Constantin Taca, EXCELLENCE RESEARCH – A WAY TO INNOVATION”, Brasov, Hotel ARO – PALACE, 27 – 29.07.2008
• INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGY SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING THE 3D ECOLOGIC CORD FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS, Daniela Isar, Emilia Visileanu, Nicolae Dobre, Cristian Jipa, Ioan Cioara, Dan Prodan, Dumitru Vuluga, Horia Panaitopol, Excellence research prize, INCDTP, Research exhibition 2007, 2-6.10.2007
• Cellulose-Based Composites by “In Situ” Radical and Cationic Polymerizations, Stanciu Doriana Nicoleta, Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, Ana-Maria Albu, Thierry Hamaide, MirceaTeodorescu, The IXth International Conference on Frontiers of Polymers and Advanced Materials ICFPAM-9, 8÷12. 07. 2007, Cracow, Poland
• Synthesis And Copolymerization Study Of New Monomers With Potential Application In Optical And Photonic Field, Adriana Florica Nicolescu, Victor Jerca, Ana-Maria Albu, Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, The IXth International Conference on Frontiers of Polymers and Advanced Materials-
ICFPAM-9, 8÷12. 07. 2007, Cracow, Poland
• Cellulose Based Reinforcements For Polymer Composites, D. M. Panaitescu, H. Iovu, D. M. Vuluga, P. Nechita, I. Matasaru, M. Ghiurea, M. D. Iorga, H. Paven, D. Serban, The IXth International Conference on Frontiers of Polymers and Advanced Materials -
ICFPAM-9, 8÷12. 07. 2007, Cracow, Poland
• Modification des celluloses par polymerisation « in situ », Doriana Nicoleta Stanciu, Adriana Florica Nicolescu, Victor Valentin Jerca, Ana-Maria Albu Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, Thierry Hamaide, La 8ème Colloque Franco-Roumain sur les polymères : des Matériaux Fonctionnels au cœur des Nouvelles Technologies, 26 – 30.08. 2007, Grenoble, France
• Structures Polyimidiques A Applications Optiques Potentielles, Adriana Florica Nicolescu, Doriana Nicoleta Stanciu, Victor Valentin Jerca, Ana-Maria Albu, Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, La 8ème Colloque Franco-Roumain sur les polymères : des Matériaux Fonctionnels au cœur des Nouvelles Technologies, 26 – 30 Août 2007, Grenoble, France
• Copolymeres Des 2-Oxazolines, Victor Valentin Jerca, Doriana Nicoleta Stanciu, Adriana Florica Nicolescu, Ana-Maria Albu et Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, La 8ème Colloque Franco-Roumain sur les polymères: des Matériaux Fonctionnels au cœur des Nouvelles Technologies, 26 – 30. 08.2007, Grenoble, France
• Polyelectrolytes Polymere – Cellulose, Doriana Nicoleta Stanciu, Adriana Florica Nicolescu, Victor Valentin Jerca, Ana-Maria Albu et Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, La 8ème Colloque Franco-Roumain sur les polymères : des Matériaux Fonctionnels au cœur des Nouvelles Technologies, 26 – 30.08. 2007, Grenoble, France
• Polyimides Structures with Potential Application in Optical and Photonic Field, A.F.Nicolescu, V.V.Jerca, A.M.Albu, D.M.Vuluga, The 5th International Conference “NEW RESEARCH TRENDS IN MATERIAL SCIENCE” ARM-5 Sibiu, Romania 5 – 7. 09. 2007
• Modification Of Cellulose By In Situ Radical Copolymerization Of Maleic Anhydride, D.N.Stanciu, A.M.Albu, D.M.Vuluga, The 5th International Conference “New research trends in material science” ARM-5 Sibiu, Romania, 5 – 7.09. 2008
• Copolymers of Oxazoline Monomers, V.V.Jerca, A.F.Nicolescu, A.M.Albu, D.M.Vuluga, The 5th International Conference “New research trends in material science” ARM-5 Sibiu, Romania 5 – 7.09. 2008
• “In Situ” Radical Polymerization Of Acrylic-Methacrylic - System On Natural Layered Silicate , Vuluga, Dumitru Mircea; Stanciu, Nicoleta Doriana; Albu Ana Maria; Hamaide, Thierry, 2-nd EuChems European Chemystry Congress, 16-20. 09. 2008, Torino, Italy
• Structural Characterization Of Cellulose Filled Ma/Dcpd Copolymers, Stanciu, Nicoleta Doriana; Albu, Ana-Maria and Vuluga, Dumitru Mircea, 2-nd EuChems European Chemystry Congress, 16-20 . 09. 2008, Turin, Italy
• Modification of cellulose type fibbers: I. preliminary “in situ” polymerisations, Dumitru Mircea Vuluga, Ana Maria Albu, Nicoleta Doriana Stanciu, Claudiu Daniel Utoiu, Thierry Hamaide, 5th International Conference of the Chemical Societies of the South-Eastern European Countries on “Chemical Sciences at the European Crossroads”, ICOSECS 5, 10-14.09.2006, Ohrid, Macedonia, Section 11 Polymers, poster POM37, Book of abstracts, p.628.
• Textile industry equipment – Integrated technological system for producing the 3D ecological textile sealing cord for industrial applications, Daniela Isar, Cristian Jipa, Niculae Dobre, Technical exhibition for mechanical engineering, gearings, pneumatic and hydraulic equipments, poster, Arad, 24 – 27.05.2007
• Textile industry equipment - Integrated technological system for producing the 3D ecological textile sealing cord for industrial applications, Daniela Isar, Cristian Jipa, Niculae Dobre, Regional research exhibition Craiova 2007, poster, 15 – 19.09.2007

Published books:
PNEUMATIC ELEMENTS AND SYSTEMS. INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS. Anca Bucureşteanu, Daniela Isar, Editura Certex, ISBN 978-973-1716-06-0, 2007, 160 page.

Diplomas and prizes:
• Excellence diploma with INVENTICA medal, the XII edition of the International exhibition for inventions, scientifically research and new technologies, „INVENTIKA-2008”, 7-11. 10.2008
• Diploma and gold medal– International inventors exhibition Croatia – ARCA 2008, Zagreb, Croatia, 16 – 21.09.2008
• Excellence diploma and gold medal – International jubilee exhibition for research, inventions and technology transfer, INVENTICA 2008, Iasi, Romania, 21-24.05.2008
• Diploma and gold medal - 36eme Salon International des Inventions des Techniques et de Produit Nouveaux – Genève, Switzerland , 2-6.04. 2008
• Diploma and medal – issued by «Incubateur of Invention» Russia – Genève, Switzerland, 2-6.04. 2008
• Ist prize for R&D complex projects – thematic area “Nanosciences and nanotechnologies, materials and new production processes”, Excellence in research, MECT ANCS, 19.11.2007